DIPHOTERINE AND HEXAFLUORINE
Neutralisation in case of splashing with corrosive or irritant chemicals
Often it is a matter of seconds before risking a permanent injury. Getting to an emergency shower and trying to wash away the corrosive chemicals with water may take far too long. Water also has a limited ability to dilute the corrosives and lacks neutralising properties, so it requires continuous washing for a long time to achieve the desired effect. During this time the corrosive chemical keeps attacking your body.
With an immediate neutralisation we have time to stop the chemical before it causes permanent damage. By focusing the treatment only to the damaged area, we can also cater for all the other needs of the victim in case of an accident. (Heat, Rest, Caution), thereby minimising the risk of shock as well as hypothermia (body temperature drop). The neutralization also affects the clothing as well as the rinsing residues which caters for a safer management of the distressed person as well as simplifying the subsequent cleaning of surfaces and materials.
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Written about DIPHOTERINE AND HEXAFLUORINE
Diphoterine is a unique First Aid rinsing solution, which quickly and effectively neutralises both acids and bases such as e.g. hydrochloric acid, sulphuric acid, sodium hydroxide (lye) and ammonia. Diphoterine is also active against solvents, oxidizers, chelating agents and reducing agents and has been tested effective against over 1,400 unique chemicals.
Diphoterine consists of a custom-made molecule which effectively attracts and renders harmless among others both hydrogen ions (H+) and hydroxide ions (OH-). Due to its amphoteric and hypertonic properties it is safe to use on all chemicals while preventing the penetration of the harmful chemical by “drawing out” the chemical from the tissue.
Why Diphoterine instead of water?
Water has three primary characteristics in case of first aid washing:
– Water mechanically washes away the corrosive chemical.
– Water dilutes the chemical and thereby reduces its corrosiveness.
– Water is polyvalent, in other words it works in the same way on all products and thus reduces the possibility of mistakes.
Water’s limitations in case of first aid washing:
– Water has a very limited ability to influence the chemical’s pH, and thus a large quantity (volume) of water is needed which results in a long time of treatment. During this time the chemical continues to attack your body!
– Risk of hypothermia in case of long exposure time
– Hypotonic – the cells expand and are damaged by prolonged treatment
– Used rinsing fluid/residues and exposed clothes etc. are still harmful after the treatment
Buffered solutions’ limitations in case of first aid washing:
– Buffered solutions have a theoretical active washing effect on both acids and bases.
In reality there is no buffer which works equally well on acids as on bases.
– Buffered solutions have only a dilution effect on substances other than acids and bases
(Oxidizers, Reducing agents, Chelating agents and Solvents)
– Most containers are designed specifically for ophthalmic use and therefore do not provide a particularly good washing on skin areas.
– In certain cases there is the risk of side effects, such as calcification in the eyes.
Tested effective against over 1,400 unique chemicals
Diphoterine offers the same positive characteristics as water, but also compensates for the limited effects of water and buffered solutions on chemicals with strong concentrations.
– Diphoterine has an active neutralising effect on all types of chemicals, which means that the chemical attack is stopped very quickly. This way we achieve a much better effect, with significantly less volume of liquid in a much shorter time.
– Diphoterine is hypertonic, which prevents the penetration of the chemical into the tissue by drawing the fluid out of the cell.
– Diphoterine allows a focused treatment which together with the shorter treatment time reduces the risk of to much cooling (hypothermia).
– Diphoterine is available in several different designs specifically tailored to fit the size of the injury and can be used all over the body, in the eyes, in the oral cavity and in the ear canals.
– Diphoterine has a limited effect against Hydrofluoric acid or its derivatives in an acidic medium because Diphoterine only acts on the corrosive hydrogen ion. To also neutralise the toxic fluoride ion you require Hexafluorine.
Well proven technology
Diphoterine is used by industries, government agencies, hospitals and emergency services throughout the world today. It is an approved replacement to emergency eye washes and body showers according to the European EN15154-3/4 standard and its positive effects are scientifically and practically specified in the Swedish Work Environment Authority’s Report 2010: 6
Time is the most important factor in case of a chemical accident!
Some chemicals are not only corrosive but also toxic. Hydrofluoric acid is such an example because it contains fluoride ions which can cause great harm if allowed to penetrate into the body where they react with the body’s own calcium.
Hexafluorine is a unique First Aid rinsing solution, specially designed for use against Hydrofluoric acid or its derivatives.
What is Hydrofluoric acid?
Hydrofluoric acid is used today in sectors including among others the electronics, steel and glass industries where its corrosive ability comes in handy. It is one of few acids with the ability to corrode glass. It makes our sinks shiny and nice, removes oxide from welding, and also gives us beautiful frosted glass bottles. But it is also a very dangerous acid which can cause severe injury if we are exposed to it without the necessary protection.
Hydrofluoric acid (chemical name HF) is both highly corrosive and toxic. Apart from severe burns it may also cause damage to vital internal organs (heart, liver, kidneys), which can lead to life-threatening conditions.
Hydrofluoric acid is made up of the corrosive hydrogen ion (H+) and the toxic fluoride ion (F–), thereby acting in two ways (see picture below). The acid corrodes the protective skin layer and thus allows the toxic fluoride ion to more easily penetrate the body. Once in the body the fluoride ions bind themselves among others to calcium, and thus disturb the function of the vital organs.
NOTE: Hydrofluoric acid is always dangerous, regardless of its concentration!
In case of exposure, the tissue is always attacked but sometimes with a delayed effect. At high concentrations you feel an immediate burning sensation in the tissues and the burn quickly becomes visible in the form of redness and possibly white greenish spots. However, at lower concentrations, the pain and skin redness may be delayed up to 24 hours after contact, making the damage difficult to identify and treat in time.
How does Hexafluorine act against Hydrofluoric Acid?
Hexafluorine is effective against all acids but also has the ability to neutralise the toxic Fluoride ions which can cause great harm if allowed to penetrate into the body where they bind the calcium.
If properly treated the Hexafluorine neutralizes the acid before it is allowed to destroy the protective layer of the skin which otherwise allows the fluoride ions to more easily enter the body. Hexafluorine also have the ability to neutralize the toxic Fluoride ions by capturing them and binding them to itself (“chelation”) before the fluoride ions penetrate into the tissue.
Like Diphoterine, Hexafluorine also has polyvalent properties making it safe to use on all chemicals and Hypertonic properties preventing the penetration of the harmful chemical by “drawing out” the chemical from the tissue. However, note that Hexafluorine has only a limited effect on basic chemicals.
Why not just water and Calcium gluconate gel?
Historically, hydrofluoric acid injuries were treated with water followed by the application of Calcium gluconate gel. The water was used to mechanically wash away the chemical, and Calcium gluconate gel in order to counteract the negative effects of the fluoride ions which have penetrated into the tissue.
Water, however, has a very limited ability to influence the acid’s pH. Therefore you need large quantities (volume) of water to have an effect, and thus a long treatment time. In the meantime, an injury can occur. Since water also does not have any effect against the fluoride ions the subsequent treatment with calcium gluconate gel must be carried out immediately to try to treat the existing injury.
NOTE! The Calcium gluconate gel must not be used in the eyes..
By using Hexafluorine we can prevent an injury from occurring at all, and we can effectively treat the entire body including the eyes, oral cavity and ear canals. If you are unsure whether the First Aid care has been exhaustive, or in cases when the start of the washing has been delayed, the application of an antidote in the form of calcium gluconate may however be appropriate as the next step. Always consult a doctor after an injury.
Well proven technology
Hexafluorine is used by industries, government agencies, hospitals and emergency services throughout the world today. It is an approved replacement to the emergency eye washes and body showers according to the European EN15154-3/4 standard and its benefits are scientifically and practically specified in the Swedish Work Environment Authority’s Report 2010: 6
Hexafluorine can be used all over the body; on the skin, in the eyes, in the oral cavity and in the ear canals
Decontamination of chemical spills
In case of a chemical spill containing corrosive, flammable or environmentally hazardous solutions, the people at the scene of the accident immediately must be able to answer the following questions:
– What kind of spill is it?
– How to stop the spreading of the solution?
– How to neutralise the spill?
– How to clean up the spill?
– How to protect the people at the scene of the accident?
– How to prevent damage to the environment?
– How to deal with reactions and pollution that might arise?
The traditional absorbents capture the spill and limit its spreading, but have no effect on the chemical itself, making the clean-up work extra risky because the chemical is still active. Similarly, cleaning up a spill can sometimes be risky, because we don’t always know its contents.
A Neutralising Absorbent with a built-in pH indicator
Trivorex is an absorbing and neutralising powder to all types of chemical spills. Unlike “regular” absorbents which only aim to capture and limit the spill’s spreading, with Trivorex we also get a quick and effective neutralisation of the chemical spill, whether it is a strong acid or base, such as e.g. hydrochloric acid, sulphuric acid and sodium hydroxide (lye).
For any type of cleaning it can be difficult to completely remove the dangerous chemical purely by using mechanical means (via washing or absorption). On rough or hard to reach surfaces the chemicals can linger and cause injury after a long time. By using Trivorex we neutralise the spill so that we avoid the subsequent risks even if any residues of the chemical spill are still left.
Trivorex operates in three steps
1. Captures and limits the spreading of the spill.
2. Neutralises the spill’s active agent.
3. Absorbs the spill and thereby facilitates the clean-up.
Trivorex has a built pH indicator to facilitate the neutralisation, that is when Trivorex® is applied the powder changes its colour based on the chemical’s pH. Red for acid and blue for a base. Once the spill has been neutralised the powder turns yellowish and is thereafter safe to handle. In case of highly concentrated products, adding a little water can help speeding up the process.
Trivorex works on all types of chemical spills, has no toxicological effects on human tissue and is classified as non-irritant to skin.
A new range of Absorbents
As a complement to Trivorex, that is still the flagship among our absorbents, we also offer other absorbents, specifically adapted to certain needs.
Chemical graffiti – a MAJOR risk!
Hydrofluoric acid is used today in sectors including electronics, steel and glass industries where its etching properties comes in handy. It is one of the few acids with the ability to corrode glass. It makes our sinks shiny and nice, removes oxides from welding, and also gives us beautiful frosted glass bottles. But it is also a very dangerous acid that can cause severe injuries if we are exposed to it without the necessary protection.
Unfortunately hydrofluoric acid is also used in other less pleasant contexts. Due to its ability to etch glass, it is an increasingly popular ingredient in graffiti context. Chemical graffiti, known as glass etching, is a growing problem associated with major risks for all parties involved.
As a complement to Hexafluorine, which is the only product that can be used to effectively neutralise splashes of hydrofluoric acid on human skin, we have LeVert HF, a decontamination solution specifically developed to neutralise chemical graffiti containing Hydrofluoric acid or its derivatives.
|Diphoterine Info sign (Swe/Eng)||Download|
|Diphoterine & Hexafluorine Hospital brochure (Eng)||Download|
|Diphoterine Produktblad (Swe)||Ladda ner|
|Diphoterine Sköljinstruktion (Swe)||Ladda ner|
|Diphoterine SDB-Säkerhetsdatablad (Swe)||Ladda ner|
|Diphoterine Product Leaflet (Eng)||Download|
|Diphoterine Rinsing Protocol (Eng)||Download|
|Diphoterine MSDS-Material Safety Data Sheet (Eng)||Download|
|Diphoterine Product Leaflet (Fin)||Download|
|Diphoterine Käyttöoje (Fin)||Download|
|Diphoterine SDB Käyttöturvallisuustiedote (Fin)||Download|
|Diphoterine Brukerinstruksjon (Norsk)||Download|
|Diphoterine SDB HMS-Datablad (Norsk)||Download|
|Diphoterine Produkt blad (Dansk)||Download|
|Diphoterine Anvendelse instruktion (Dansk)||Download|
|Diphoterine SDB Sikkerhedsdatabla (Dansk)||Download|
|Hexafluorine Info sign (Swe/Eng)||Download|
|Hexafluorine & Diphoterine - Hospital Brochure (Eng)||Download|
|Hexafluorine Produktblad (Swe)||Ladda ner|
|Hexafluorine Sköljinstruktion (Swe)||Ladda ner|
|Hexafluorine SDB-Säkerhetsdatablad (Swe)||Ladda ner|
|Hexafluorine Product Leaflet (Eng)||Download|
|Hexafluorine Rinsing Protocol (Eng)||Download|
|Hexafluorine MSDS-Material Safety Data Sheet (Eng)||Download|
|Hexafluorine Product Leaflet (Fin)||Download|
|Hexafluorine Käyttöoje (Fin)||Download|
|Hexafluorine SDB Käyttöturvallisuustiedote (Fin)||Download|
|Hexafluorine Brukerinstruksjon (Norsk)||Download|
|Hexafluorine SDB HMS-Datablad (Norsk)||Download|
|Hexafluorine Produktblad (Dansk)||Download|
|Hexafluorine Anvendelse instruktion (Dansk)||Download|
|Hexafluorine SDB Sikkerhedsdatablad (Dansk)||Download|
|Trivorex produktblad (Swe)||Ladda ner|
|Trivorex Användarinstruktion (Swe)||Ladda ner|
|Trivorex SDB-Säkerhetsdatablad (Swe)||Ladda ner|
|Trivorex Product Leaflet (Eng)||Download
|New range of absorbents Product Leaflet (Eng)||Download|
|Trivorex User instructions (Eng)||Download|
|Trivorex MSDS-Material Safety Data Sheet (Eng)||Download|
|Trivorex Product leaflet (Fin)||Download|
|Trivorex SDB Käyttöturvallisuustiedote (Fin)||Download|
|Trivorex Produktblad (Norsk)||Download|
|Trivorex SDB HMS-Datablad (Norsk)||Download|
|Trivorex SDB Sikkerhedsdatablad (Dansk)||Download|
|Trivorex / LeVert||Download|
|Kalciumglukonat Produktblad (Swe)||Ladda ned|
|Kalciumglukonat Användarinstruktion (Swe)||Ladda ned|
|Kalciumglukonat Gel SDB-Säkerhetsdatablad (Swe)||Ladda ner|
|Calcium Gluconate Gel Product Leaflet (Eng)||Download|
|Calcium Gluconate Gel User manual (Eng)||Download|
|Calcium Gluconate Gel MSDS-Material Safety Data Sheet (Eng)||Download|
|Kalsiumglukonaatti Product Leaflet (Fin)||Download|
|Kalsiumglukonaatti Käyttöoje (Fin)||Download|
|Kalsiumglukonaatti SDB Käyttöturvallisuustiedote (Fin)||Download|
|Kalciumglukonat Gel Produktblad (Norsk)||Download|
|Kalciumglukonat Gel SDB HMS-Datablad (Norsk)||Download|
|Kalciumglukonat Gel Brukerinstruksjon (Norsk)||Download|
|Kalciumglukonat Gel Produktblad (Dansk)||Download|
|Kalciumglukonat Gel SDB Sikkerhedsdatablad (Dansk)||Download|